Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

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Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 254
Stefan's Blog - The Noble Week 2011 - Medicine

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 254

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::file_listing() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::file_listing() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::file_listing() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 13

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/sgraman/blog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 41
The Noble Week 2011 - Medicine  
This year's Nobel Laureates have revolutionized our understanding of the immune system by discovering key principles for its activation.

Scientists have long been searching for the gatekeepers of the immune response by which man and other animals defend themselves against attack by bacteria and other microorganisms. Bruce Beutler and Jules Hoffmann discovered receptor proteins that can recognize such microorganisms and activate innate immunity, the first step in the body's immune response. Ralph Steinman discovered the dendritic cells of the immune system and their unique capacity to activate and regulate adaptive immunity, the later stage of the immune response during which microorganisms are cleared from the body.

The discoveries of the three Nobel Laureates have revealed how the innate and adaptive phases of the immune response are activated and thereby provided novel insights into disease mechanisms. Their work has opened up new avenues for the development of prevention and therapy against infections, cancer, and inflammatory diseases.




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